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TOPS-10 is an operating system for Digital Equipment Corporation's PDP-10 family of mainframe computers (including the DECsystem-10 and DECSYSTEM-20 product lines). TOPS-10 was originally developed as “Monitor” for the PDP-6 computer starting in 1964 as was first released in 1970 and the last release was in 1988.
LCM+L currently has two TOPS-10 systems available on-line:
|dec-10||DECSYSTEM-2065 / KL10||TOPS-10 version 7.04|
|ki587||DECsystem-1090 / KI10||TOPS-10 version 6.03A|
Apply for a user account on one of LCM+L's TOPS-10 systems with the Request a Login form. Check the box “Tops-10 v7.04 (DECSYSTEM-2065)” for an account on dec-10. For an account on ki587, write a memo in the box “(Optional) Please describe your interest in these systems:”. After completing and submitting the form, within a few days you will receive e-mail from LCM+L with your project-programmer number (PPN, TOPS-10 user ID) and initial password.
Connect to the system by opening a Secure Shell session with the destination for your host:
On ki587, after the log-in message is displayed, press the Enter key once or twice to display the command prompt
LOGIN command to start your session.
Command format: TOPS-10 commands are one to six characters long. At the command prompt
., type the command string or a unique prefix followed by command arguments if any, then press the Enter key to execute the command. In version 7.04 commands are case-insensitive; in version 6.3 all entered command text is automatically converted to upper case.
File name format: TOPS-10 files are identified with a file name from one to six characters long followed by a period (
.) and a zero to three character file extension. Many commands allow wildcard characters
* (matches any zero or more characters) and
? (matches zero or any one character) in file name arguments to operate multiple files.
Files with standard extensions are given special treatment by some commands.
|Ext.||File contents||Ext.||File contents|
|ALG||ALGOL language source||EXE||Executable binary program|
|BAS||BASIC language source||FOR||FORTRAN language source|
|BLI||BLISS language source||MAC||MACRO assembly language source|
|CBL||COBOL language source||REL||Relocatable binary file|
Special characters: TOPS-10 recognizes the following special characters to assist with input and output from the system.
|Ctrl-C||Interrupt current program and return to TOPS-10.|
| Backspace |
|Delete last input character. (Deleted character is echoed at the end of the input line.)|
|Ctrl-U||Delete current input line.|
|Ctrl-O||Pause/restart terminal output scrolling.|
|1.||LOGIN - Log-in to your account||
|2.||PASSWOrd - Change your password||
Not available in version 6.3.
|3.||KJOB - Log-out from your account||
In version 6.3, KJOB prompts for how to handle user files. Enter
|4.||MAKE - Create a new file||
Create <file name> with TECO editor. See Survival TECO.
|5.||TECO - Edit an old file||
Edit <file> with TECO editor. See Survival TECO.
|6.||DIRECTory - List your files||
|7.||TYPE - Show file contents||
|8.||COPY - Copy files||
|9.||RENAME - Rename files||
|10.||DELETE - Delete files||
|11.||EXECUTe - Compile and run your program||
Compiler will be selected based on file name extension.
|12.||BASIC - Run BASIC interpreter||
|13.||SYSTAT - Print system status information||
|14.||SEND - Send a message to another user||
Look-up the user's <line> in the 'Line#' column of the SYSTAT list.